How Many Different Types of Spinal Cord Injuries Can Occur?

How Many Different Types of Spinal Cord Injuries Can Occur?

Spinal cord injuries can inflict a variety of medical challenges depending on where the spine is damaged. Those impacted by these injuries may have to deal with prolonged medical expenses and lost employment opportunities. The bills in these situations can add up fast. However, you may not have to pay for these expenses if someone else caused your injury. Reach out to a Jackson spinal cord injury lawyer to see whether you can sue.

Types of Spinal Cord Injuries

The two main types of spinal cord injuries are incomplete and complete spinal cord injuries. Incomplete spinal cord injuries leave some parts of the body unparalyzed. Whereas complete spinal cord injuries result in a complete loss of function below the damaged area of the spine.

Incomplete and complete spinal cord injuries can be broken down into four subtypes of spinal cord injury damage. Cervical spinal cord injuries impact the head and neck, meaning everything below the neck is paralyzed. This is the most severe spinal cord injury because multiple medical complications may arise like:How Many Types of Spinal Cord Injuries Are There?

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Lost bladder and bowel control
  • Muscle reflex problems
  • Full dependence on others for self-care

Moving downward, thoracic spinal cord injuries paralyze everything from the mid-back down. However, the arms and hands may retain some functions. Further downward, lumbar spinal cord injuries involve paralysis of the hips and legs. Breathing, arm, and hand functions are left intact and often fully functional.

Sacral spinal cord injuries represent the lowest level of spinal cord injury. These injuries cause a loss of function in the thighs, buttocks, hips, and pelvis areas. Many people with this injury are still able to walk. However, sacral spinal cord injuries may still leave people with bladder and bowel problems in addition to sexual dysfunction.

How Spinal Cord Injuries Are Diagnosed

The first and most important thing medical professionals will do with a spinal cord injury is to immobilize the area. This prevents further damage to the spinal cord. When it comes to a spinal cord injury diagnosis, doctors will prioritize vital signs and then examine neurological damage.

Neurological tests are performed by testing the strength of the arms and legs. Signs of weakness often prompt imaging tests to assess the level of internal damage. In most cases, computerized tomography is used to look for vertebrae fractures and MRIs are used to assess damage to the spinal cord. MRIs may also be used to look for blood clots and herniated spinal discs that could cause medical complications.

If you suffered a spinal cord injury because of someone else’s negligence, try contacting a Jackson spinal cord injury lawyer to explore your options.

Spinal Cord Injury Lawyer in Jackson

No one should have to pay for a spinal cord injury that was caused by someone else. Call Germany Law Firm, PLLC today by dialing (607) 487-0555 to speak with a Mississippi personal injury attorney for a consultation. Our experienced team of lawyers might be able to help you obtain additional compensation for your lost income, pain and suffering, and future medical bills.